Monday, February 8, 2010

Gender Issues in Science/Math Education (was Girls and Boys math scores)

Some blog followers might be interested in a post of the above title [Hake (2010b)]. The abstract reads:


ABSTRACT: In a previous post “Re: “Girls and Boys math scores” [Hake (2010a)], I pointed to Jim Clark's (2010) TIPS (Teaching in the Psychological Sciences) discussion-list reference to “Cross-National Patterns of Gender Differences in Mathematics: A Meta-Analysis” [Else-Quest, Hyde, & Linn (2010)], that showed no overall difference in averages between males and females on measures of math achievement. However, I neglected to mention Clark's reference to “The science of sex differences in science and mathematics” [Halpern, Benbow, Geary, Gur, Hyde, & Gernsbacher (2007a)], who wrote: “Stanley, who studied mathematically precocious youth for decades, explained that 25 years ago there were 13 boys for every girl who scored above 700 on the SAT-M at age 13. Now the ratio is only 2.8:1, which is a precipitous drop that has not been widely reported in the news media. According to Stanley, 'It's gone way down as women have had the opportunity to take their math earlier' (quoted in Monastersky (2005). . . . For further references in this area see “Gender Issues in Science/Math Education [Mallow & Hake (2008)].


To access the complete 17 kB post please click on .

REFERENCES [Tiny URL's courtesy]

Else-Quest, N.M., J.S. Hyde, & M.C. Linn. 2010. “Cross-National Patterns of Gender Differences in Mathematics: A Meta-Analysis,” Psychological Bulletin 136 (1): 103-127; online (160 kB).

Hake, R.R. & J.V. Mallow. 2008. "Gender Issues in Science/Math Education (GISME)": Over 700 Annotated References & 1000 URL's:

*Part 1 - All References in Alphabetical Order (8.5 MB);

*Part 2 - Some References in Subject Order (4.8 MB).

Because periodic updates of GISME necessitate changing the URL's, an address that will always work is "Reference 55 at" The abstract is also online at with a provision for comments.

Part 2 subjects are:

a. Affirmative Action;

b. Constructivism: Educational and Social;

c. Drivers of Educational Reform and Gender Equity: Economic Competitiveness and Preservation of Life on Planet Earth;

d. Education and the Brain;

e. Gender and Spatial Visualization;

f. Harvard [Ex-] President Summers' Speculation on Innate Gender Differences in Science and Math Ability;

g. Hollywood Actress Danica McKellar's Book "Math Doesn't Suck";

h. Interactive Engagement;

i. International Comparisons;

j. Introductory Physics "Curriculum S" (for Synthesis);

k. Is There a Female Science? - Pro & Con;

l. Schools Shortchange Girls (or is it Boys?)


n. Status of Women at MIT.

Hake, R.R. 2010a. “Re: Girls and Boys math scores,” online on the OPEN! TIPS archives at . Post of 06 Feb 2010 20:15:51-0800 to Math-Learn, Math-Teach, PhysLrnR, & TIPS.

Hake, R.R. 2010b. “Gender Issues in Science/Math Education (was Girls and Boys math scores)” online at . Post of 7 Feb 2010 3:22 pm EST to AERA-L, Net-Gold, and PhysLrnR. The abstract is also being transmitted to various discussion lists.

Halpern, D.F., C.P. Benbow, D.C. Geary, R. Gur, J.S. Hyde, & M.A. Gernsbacher. 2007a. “The science of sex differences in science and mathematics,” Psychological Science in the Public Interest 8: 1-51; contains a large set of references; online at (880 kB).

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