Hake, R.R. 2007. "The Socratic Method of the Historical Socrates, Plato's Socrates, and the Law School Socrates," online at http://tinyurl.com/60d097 . Post of 21 June to AERA-J, AERA-L, AP-Physics, AP-Biology, ASSESS, Biopi-L, Biolab (rejected), Chemed-L, EdResMeth, EvalTalk, Phys-L, PhysLrnR, POD, STLHE-L, and TIPS.
ABSTRACT: The "Socratic Method" means different things to different people. I discuss three interpretations: the "Socratic Method" of (a) the historical Socrates as advocated by the late Arnold Arons, (b) Plato as illustrated in the Meno, and (c) most law schools. Although the Socratic Method of the historical Socrates has been demonstrated to be relatively effective in enhancing students' understanding of the conceptually difficult Newtonian mechanics, it is not a panacea, but is most useful for finding out what and how students are thinking, guiding them to construct their own understanding of difficult concepts, and conveying fruitful approaches and reasoning skills.